Kumite Terms And Hand Signals

Terminology:

Aka (Red) = Competitor To The Referee's Right
Shiro (White) = Competitor To Referee's Left
No Kachi = Winner, Signified With Sanbon Action
Enchosen = Extension Of Time
Hajime = Begin
Torimasen = Unacceptable Scoring Technique, Signified With Crosses Arms Over Chest, Then Uncrosses And Holds Arms Out From Body With Palms Downward
Hikiwake = Draw, Signified With Crosses Arms Over Chest, Then Uncrosses And Holds Arms Out From Body With Palms Upward
Shobu = Match, Usually Beginning With A Number Such As Ippon (If Ippon, Just 'Shobu'), Nippon, Or Sanbon To Signify Number Of Points Needed To Win
Jiyu Kumite = Free Sparring

Scoring:

Ippon = Signified With A Wave Of The Hand To Gedan
Techniques That Score Ippon:
Reverse Punch

Nippon = Signified With A Wave Of A Hand To Chudan
Techniques That Score Nippon:
Chudan Kick
Block To Unguarded Portion Followed By A Reverse Punch

Sanbon = Signified With A Wave Of A Hand To Jodan
Jodan Kick
Sweep, Followed By A Scoring Technique

Penalties

Jogia (Out Of Bounds):
First Jogai = Warning
Second Jogai (In Our Shotokan, Second Jogai Is Skipped) = Waza Ari Goes To Opponent / Second Warning
Third Jogai = Ippon To Opponent / Match Given To Opponent
Fourth Jogai = Match Given To Opponent